Key Facts About Oriental CockroachesThe Oriental Cockroach (Blatta orientalis) prefers dark, damp places. Often called a Water Bug, it is commonly found in damp basements, cellars, crawl spaces, and sewers. They may also be found near drains, leaky water pipes and under refrigerators, sinks, washing machines, and floors. It prefers temperatures under 30° C. The Oriental Cockroach can tolerate cool environments and people have even found it surviving freezing outdoor weather.
An Oriental Cockroach forages mostly on the first floors of buildings. Occasionally, this pest will thrive in the landscape immediately adjacent to structures and may enter if a disturbance occurs, such as a change in the seasons, excess rainfall, or lawn mowing. It can be found occasionally outdoors under sewer covers. It feeds on all types of garbage and other organic material.
Oriental Cockroaches produces a strong smell and is considered one of the dirtiest of all the Cockroach species.
An adult Oriental Cockroach is about 17-30mm long and dark brown, almost black. A male has fully developed wings which are shorter than the body. A female has very short, rudimentary wings. A nymph is similar in appearance to a female only it is smaller and wingless.
A female Oriental Cockroach deposits an average of eight egg cases during its lifetime; each capsule produces about 16 young. It takes 300 to 800 days, depending on conditions to hatch from eggs and develop into adults.
"Oriental Cockroaches can pose an important public health risk by contaminating food, surfaces and eating utensils"
Significance of Controlling Oriental Cockroach Activity
Many people are repulsed and disgusted by the simple presence of Oriental Cockroaches.
However, they are also an important public health risk by contaminating food, surfaces and eating utensils. Oriental Cockroaches are known to carry pathogens, such as Salmonella and E.Coli, which can result in human diseases, such as food poisoning or diarrhoea.
Occasionally, Oriental Cockroaches will destroy fabric and paper products. In large numbers, they secrete a substance which can result in stains on surfaces they contact and produce disagreeable odours.
Finally, products of Oriental Cockroach infestations, including saliva, feces and cast skins, are a source of allergens and can irritate allergies and asthma in people, especially children.
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